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            图表类作文写作技巧

            文章分类:技巧 发表时间:2012-12-2 21:28:36

            英文写作是高考的重中之重。同学们平时训练较多的是如何写议论文,其他体裁作文的应对能力则相对薄弱。其实,图表类作文有其较为固定的表达方式和使用频率较高的词汇,掌握了这些,同学们就可以比较顺利地应对这一体裁的写作了。
              
              一、 图表类作文常用的单词、短语和句型
              
              1. 表示数据变化的单词或短语
              in the case of (在……的情况下)
              in terms of (在……方面)
              increase / raise / rise / go up(增加)
              decrease / grow down / drop / fall (减少)
              increased by (增长了)
              increased to (增长到)
              the number sharply goes up to(数字急剧上升至)
              significant(重大的),steady(平稳的),gradual(逐渐的),slow(慢慢的),stable(稳定的),rapid(快速的)……
              2. 表示从图表得知的信息的句型
              The table / chart / graph shows that...(这个图表告诉我们……)
              According to the table / chart /graph, we can see that...(根据图表,我们可以看出……)
              It can be concluded from the graph that...(从图表中可以得出……)
              The table shows the changes in the number of...over the period from...to...(该表格描述了在……期间……数量的变化)
              
              二、 图表类作文的模式
              
              图表类作文中的图表主要有以下形式:柱形图类(chart)、圆饼图类 (pie chart)、曲线图类(line chart)、表格类(table)。写文章时,首先要对图表加以描述,而后引出主题加以讨论,最后得出结论,也就是按照描述图表—解释原因—下结论的步骤来写。切忌对图表不作交代就直接谈论主题。
              1. 表格类作文的模式
              表格类作文一般可以分为三段:第一段对表格中的数据进行描述,只要抓住变化规律即可,切忌一一列举数据;第二段说明变化的原因;第三段得出结论。即:
              (1) Studying the table carefully, we can see...(仔细研读表格,我们可以看出……)
              (2) In my opinion, the reasons why...are as follows. Firstly...Secondly...Thirdly...(在我看来,为什么……的原因在于以下几点:第一……第二……第三……)
              (3) To sum up...(总而言之……)
              例1根据下列表格提供的数据,简单描述这几年人们的饮食变化,并解释原因。(词数在100左右)
              Changes in People’s Diet

            按照以上模式,可拟写如下:
              Studying the table carefully, we can see that in the past four years, there have been great changes in people’s diet. Grain is on the decline from 47% to 45% while meat consump?鄄tion is increased. According to the table, vegetables are on the rise.
              In my opinion, the reasons why people’s diet has been changedare as follows. Firstly, people’s living quality has been improved. They become richer and richer. Secondly, people become more careful and reasonable in arranging their diet. Thirdly, people pay more attention to their health.
              To sum up, with the development of economy, people’s life has been greatly changed—it is also the case with people’s diet.
              2. 圆饼图类作文的模式
              这类文章往往也可以分为三段:首段描述数字,第二段解释原因,最后一段说明自己的观点。这个模式同样适用于柱形图类和曲线图类作文。
              (1) From the chart we can see clearly that...among...make up...while... is...(从图表中我们可以清楚地看到……在……中……组成了……而……是……)
              (2) It is no wonder that...(……不足为奇)
              (3) In my opinion... On the one hand... On the other hand... (我认为……一方面……另一方面……)
              例2请根据以下图表所提供的数据,描述同学们去上学的方式,并说明你自己的情况。(词数在120左右)

            按照以上模式,可拟写如下:
              From the chart we can see clearly that most students go to school by bike. Among all the students going to school, walkers make up 12% while the number of the students who take a bus is 18%. Fewer students go to school by car.
              It is no wonder that so many students go to school by bike. They can take advantage of its convenience and save time in such a crowded city.
              In my own practice, I prefer to go to school by bike. On the one hand,it is convenient. On the other hand, I can do exercise while riding to school. What’s more, it is environmentally friendly to ride to school. To keep fit and healthy, I take great delight in going to school by bike.

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